Golden Rule
Rotary 4 Way Test

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Almost all faith communities subscribe to What the Werstern world calls "the Golden Rule" in one form or another. Various cultures adhere to in varying degrees in practice.

The earliest recording of the golden rule is said to have come from the Sumerian Sun God Utu, the god of truth, justice, and right, in 2350 BC: "Whatever has breath, you shepherd equally, You are their keeper, above and below."

In turn most other faiths followed.

The Buddhism version reads "One should seek for others the happiness one desires for oneself. Hurt not others with that which pains yourself."

The Confucianism version: "Tzu-King asked, "is there one principle upon which one's whole life may proceed?" The Master replied, "Is not Reciprocity such a principle? What you do not yourself desire, do not put before others."

The Hinduism version, "This is the sum of all true righteousness. Guard and do by the things of others as they would do by their own. This is, the sum of duty; do naugh to others which if done to thee would cause thee pain"

The Judaism version: "What is hurtful to yourself, do not do to your fellow man. That is the whole ofthe Torah and the remainder is but commentary."

The New Teatament records the Christian version: " So in all things, do unto others what you would have them do unto you, for this sums up the law and the prophets.(Matthew 7:12)"

Finally Islam teaches, " Let none of you treat his brother in a way he would himself dislike to be treated. No-one of you is a beleiver until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself".

The golden rule is almost universal in its scope in the sense that almost every culture and faith have incorporated one of its various forms into its moral traditions or faith literature. Many later day philosophers, economists, urban planners and political scientists have begun to question which came first - prosperity that permitted the ethical to practice the rule, or rather did those who practice the rule become prosperous.

(1) Jacob, Jane (1992) Systems of Survival, A Dialogue on the Morals Foundations of Commerce and Politics, New York: Random House

(2) Smith, Adams The Wealth of Nations

(3) Smith, Adam (1759) The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Editors, D.D. Raphael and A.L. Macfie Indianapolis: Linberty Fund, 1984, Page 9

(4) Jacob, Jane (1992), Page

(5) Source for this section: Parke, Elaine (2001) Join the Golden rule revolution, Practice One Habit...Each Month of the Year

Fukuyama,Francis (1995) Trust, The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity, New York: Simon & Schuster