2017

MUNA Resolution #2

Nuclear Disarmament

The General Assembly,

Recalling previous resolutions, particularly 70/52 (2015),

Reaffirming the commitment of the international community to the goal of total elimination of nuclear weapons and the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free world,

Reaffirming the conviction of the States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as cornerstone of nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament,

Expressing deep concern that the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, held from 27 April to 22 May 2015, did not reach agreement on a substantive final document,

Reiterating its call for an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear- Test-Ban Treaty,

Recalling the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons, issued on 8 July 1996, and welcoming the unanimous reaffirmation by all judges of the Court that there exists an obligation for all States to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control,

Underlining the importance of implementing its decision in resolution 68/32 to convene, no later than 2018, a United Nations high-level international conference on nuclear disarmament to review the progress made in this regard,

Reaffirming that, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, States should refrain from the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons in settling their disputes in international relations,

Expressing deep concern that the world is on the brink of a new nuclear arms race among the major nuclear powers,

1. Reaffirms that nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation are substantively interrelated and mutually reinforcing, that the two processes must go hand in hand and that there is a genuine need for a systematic and progressive process of nuclear disarmament;

2. Calls upon the nuclear-weapon States to stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems;

3. Calls upon the nuclear-weapon States, pending the achievement of the total elimination of nuclear weapons, to agree on an internationally and legally binding instrument on a joint undertaking not to be the first to use nuclear weapons;

4. Urges the nuclear-weapon States to commence plurilateral negotiations among themselves at an appropriate stage on further deep reductions of their nuclear weapons, in an irreversible, verifiable and transparent manner,

5. Calls for the conclusion of an international legal instrument on unconditional security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States against the threat or use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances;

6. Also calls for the early entry into force, universalization and strict observance of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty as a contribution to nuclear disarmament.

7. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at its seventy-second session a report on the implementation of the present resolution;

 

Mover: Venezuela (5 mins)

Seconder: Iran (4 mins)

Speakers: Russian Federation, United States, Philippines, India, South Africa, United Kingdom

(3 mins each)