John Hoare

John Hoar(e) son of Charles Hoare and Joanna Joanna Hincksman may have been born John Hoare in Gloucester, England in 1622 (but see Wikipedia entry John Hoar) which gives some up to date information on John Hoar(e). John's father was Charles |Hoare, sheriff of Gloucester who along with other Puritans was hounded by Archbishop Laud. Charles died in 1638 and in the spring of 1640. His widow, Joanna left for New England in the spring 1640.

He is mentioned in his grandfather's will of 1632 and there is a record of apprenticeship to his father dated the next year which indicates that he was eleven years old at that time and thus born in 1622. It is estimated that his widowed mother emigrated to Massachusetts about 1641 and soon settled in Scituate, Mass. The first evidence of John's settlement in Scituate is a list of men of the town bearing arms dated 1643. In 1659, he moved to Concord, where he later tried to give shelter to John Eliot's Praying Indians during King Philip's War. However, his neighbors prevented this and took the Indians to Deer Island where many perished.

A portion or all of the Concord Indians, through the efforts of the Rev. John Eliot, who translated the bible into the language of the aborigines, early became converts to Christianity. These were gathered by Mr. Eliot and Major Daniel Gookin, into an Indian town or village named Nashoba, situated in what is now Littleton. The number of Indians thus gathered was about fifty-eight, representing ten families, only about twelve being able bodied men. Nashoba was called by Major Gookin in his Historical collection the sixth praying Indian town. He states that, "The dimensions of this village were four miles square," that, "their ruler of late years was Ahatawance (Tahatta- wan), a pious man," and "their teacher is named John Thomas." The petition for the establishment of this place is dated May 4, 1654 and was presented by Mr. Eliot. The Nashoba plantation began auspiciously and continued to prosper both in things temporal and spiritual until a war with the Mohawks, which resulted in its abandonment for a season, but as late as 1674, according to Gookin, it had become re-peopled and was in a "hopeful way to prosper." There is ample opportunity for one to conjecture con- cerning the pleasant condition of things at the Nashoba plantation during the years immediately following its establishment. As it was the custom of the Apostle Eliot to keep spir- itual watch and ward over the native churches and to occas- ionally visit them for exhortation and conference, so we mav suppose he did this one, and that more than once he journeyed from Roxbury to Nonantum (Newton) his first mission field, thence to Natick, and from there went on through the woods to Concord, visiting scattered wig- wams by the way and the village at Cochituate pond 3 2 Colonial (Wayland) and the home of Kato at Wigwam hill in Sud- bury. Upon his arrival at Concord, we may suppose that he made parochial visits among such of the Musketequid Indians as still lingered about their old haunts, faithful to the memory of their former firesides and the graves of their fathers. These visits completed, we may conjecture that the great Apostle passed on over the old Marlboro road, at that time perhaps a mere wood path trod mainly by the Occogoogansetts to Nashoba, bringing with him a benediction from their Bay brothers, and instructing them from the Up-Biblum (Indian bible.) But when Philip's war broke out the scene changed. The Colonial communities everywhere became distrustful of all Indians, the praying Indians included, notwithstand- ing the evidence the latter were giving of continued loyalty, serving the colony faithfully whenever occasion required as spies, or as allies in the ranks of levied troops. To such an extent did EngHsh distrust prevail that it was decided by the Colonial authorities to remove a por- tion or all of the Christian Indians to Deer island in Bos- ton harbor, and the order was given and executed. The details of this untimely closing of the Indian mission stations are sad to relate, and they remind one of the cruel treatment of the Acadians at Grand Pre, whose homes were broken in upon by the English and Colonial soldiers, and their families separated and cast forlorn upon a lone coast line extending from New England to Georgia. Before the carrying out of this order, however, as related to the Indians at Nashoba, an attempt was made in their behalf which resulted in an order by the Colonial Court, that an arrangement be made by the Militia Com- mittee and the selectmen of Concord that they be placed under the inspection of John Hoar of Concord, to see that they be kept employed for their maintenance and pre- served from harm and the country made secure from them. In pursuance of this arrangement, Mr. Hoar built a Concord 2Z house for them near his own for their protection and com- fort at night, and a workshop, in both of which they were under close surveillance. The means thus provided by Mr. Hoar for the mutual protection of both the Indians and English were accom- plishing their full purpose and would doubtless have contin- ued to do so had it not been for an untoward interference with his plans, the account of which may be best presented by the following quotation from Gookin's "History of the Christian Indians." "But some of the inhabitants of the town, being in- fluenced with a spirit of animosity and distaste against all Indians, disrelished this settlement; and therefore privately sent to a Captain of the army, (Captain Mosely) that quartered his company not far off at that time, of whom they had experience, that he would not be backward to put in execution anything that tended to distress the praying Indians; for this was the same man that had formerly, without order, seized upon divers of the praying Indians at Marlborough, which brought much trouble and disquiet to the country of the Indians, and was a great occasion of their defection ; as hath been above declared. "This Captain accordingly came to Concord with a party of his men upon the Sabbath day, into the Meeting-house, where the people were convened to the worship of God. And after the exercise was ended, he spake openly to the congregation to this effect : 'that he understood there were some heathen in the town, committed to one Hoare, which he was informed were a trouble and disquiet to them ; therefore if they desired it he would remove them to Boston ;' to which speech, most of the people being silent, except two or three that encouraged him, he took, as it seems, the silence of the rest for consent ; and immediately after the assembly was dismissed, he went with three or four files of men, and a hundred or two of the people, men, women and children, at his heels, and marched away to Mr. Hoare's house and there demanded of him to see the 34 Colonial Indians under his care. Hoare opened the door and showed them to him, and they were all numbered and found there ; the Captain then said to Mr. Hoare, 'that he would leave a corporal and soldiers to secure them' ; but Mr. Hoare answered, 'there was no need of that, for they were already secured, and were committed to him by order of the Council, and he would keep and secure them.' But yet the Captain left his corporal and soldiers there, who were abusive enough to the poor Indians by ill language. The next morning the Captain came again to take the Indians and send them to Boston. But Mr. Hoare re- fused to deliver them, unless he showed him an order of the Council ; but the Captain could show him no other but his commission to kill and destroy the enemy ; but Mr. Hoare said, 'these were friends and under order.' But the Captain would not be satisfied with his answer, but com- manded his corporal forthwith to break open the door and take the Indians all away, which was done accordingly ; and some of the soldiers plundered the poor creatures of their shirts, shoes, dishes, and such other things as they could lay their hands upon, though the Captain com- manded the contrary. They were all brought to Charles- town with a guard of twenty men. And the Captain wrote a letter to the General Court, then sitting, giving them an account of his action. " This thing was very offensive to the Council, that a private Captain should (without commission or some express order) do an act so contradictory to their former orders ; and the Governor and several others spake of it at a conference with the deputies at the General Court. " The Deputies seemed generally to agree to the reason of the Magistrates in this matter ; yet notwithstanding, the Captain (who appeared in Court shortly after upon another occasion), met with no rebuke for this high irregularity and arbitrary action. To conclude this matter, those poor In- dians, about fifty-eight of them of all sorts, were sent down to Deer Island, there to pass into the furnace of affliction 1385514 Concord 3 5 with their brethren and countrymen. But all their corn and other provision sufficient to maintain them for six months, was lost at Concord ; and all their other neces- saries, except what the soldiers had plundered. And the poor Indians got very little or nothing of what they lost, but it was squandered away, lost by the removal of Mr. Hoare and other means, so that they were necessitated to live upon clams, as the others did, with some little corn provided at the charge of the 'Honorable Corporation for the Indians,' residing in London. Besides, Mr. Hoare lost all his building and other cost, which he had provided for the entertainment and employment of those Indians ; which was considerable." This was in February, 1675-6. Only a few Indians returned to Nashoba after the exile. Such was the melancholy ending of the mission at Nashoba, in which more or less of the Musketequid Indians were gathered together in Christian fellowship. It is the old, oft repeated story of the supremacy of the strong over the weak and the power of evil to destroy in a few days what it took many years to construct. There is also seen in this sad episode of Indian history something of the transmuting power of the gospel, in that while others of the aboriginal tribes were filled with vengeful hate toward the white men and giving way to the powerful persuasions of King Philip of Pokanoket to pillage the fields, to burn dwelling places, and to murder or capture the inhabitants in defense of their ancient hearthstones and hunting grounds, the Christian Indians stood fast in their new faith and proved firm friends of the English. William Tahattawan, brother of John the Chieftain, although among those who were exiled to Deer Island, served as a faithful guide of Major Savage, a Colonial officer. Thomas Doublet or Nepanet, another of the Nashoba Indians did good service in procuring the release of Mrs. Rowlandson, who was captured at Lancaster ; and when Captain Wadsworth and his command were destroyed at 3 6 Colonial Green hill, Sudbury, the Christian Indians brought from Deer Island were the first to search the battle ground and help bury the slain, weeping, it is said, when they saw their prostrate forms. Upon these things history has not greatly enlarged ; and while the multitudinous records of the misdeeds and evil practices of the pagan Indians have been preserved, the true, the noble, the honorable acts of the Christian Indians may have been too much overlooked, Christianity thereby losing a merited tribute. After a while the conversation flagged, the fire burned low, and two or three of those who had been sitting on the ground with their hands clasped around their ankles and their heads dropped upon their knees withdrew, flung themselves upon the couches and pulled up the bear skins. As Major Gookin suggested that we also retire, we did so, and soon all was silent save the pelting of the storm on the bark covering and a slight splashing of the river waves against the canoe. As the strange surroundings were not conducive to the soundest slumber we awoke. Once we heard the howl- ing of a wolf not far distant. Now and then there was the jerky bark of a fox, and toward morning a bear poked his head under the rush mat hanging at the doorway, and we caught a glimpse of his long, slender snout, but he quickly withdrew when he sniffed the scent of fire.

Because of his good relations with the Indians, he was asked to rescue Mrs. Rowlandson and her children. The history of this nect chapter may be found in Bodge's, Soldiers in King Phillip's War, New England Historical and Genealogical Society, Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs Mary Rowlandson. and The Sovereignty and Goodness of God

He died on 2 Apr 1704 in Concord, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts.


Bodge, George Madison, Soldiers in King Phillip's War, New England Historical and Genealogical Society.

Hoar, William s. By Way of New England, hoar and newcomb pioneers in americaVancouver, BC: Tangled Roots Press, 1996

Schultz, Eric B. and Michael J. Tougias, King Phillip's War Woodstock, the History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict, Vermont: The Countyman Press, 1999

Hoare Descendent's