Epistemology(from Greek - episteme-, "knowledge, science" + "logos") or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge.
The Nature of Truth
(Hunnex 1986)1. Descriptive
Theories of Truth
1. Correspondance theory: A proposition is true if it accurately and adequately resembles or represents the reality it is supposed to describe. Epistemological realism - Aristotle, Locke and Russell .
2. Coherence theory: A proposition is true if oit "fits in" or is consistence with or is necessitated by the totality of which it is a part- Idealism Hegel
3.Pragmatic theory: A proposition is true if it works or satisfies or is capable of doing so
4. Social Construction Theory A proposition is true as constructed by social processes and is historical and cultural specific - Peter L. Berger & Thomas Luckmann The Social Construction of Reality .
Blackburn, Simon (2005) Truth, A Guide, Oxford, Oxford University
Goldman, Alvin (1986) Epistemology and Cognition, Cambridge: Harvard University
Hunnex, Milton D (1986) Chronological and Thematic Charts of Philosophies & Philosophers, Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House