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In biological terms, a community is a group of interacting organisms sharing a populated environment. In sociology, the concept of community has led to significant debate, and sociologists are yet to reach agreement on a definition of the term. Traditionally a "community" has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. The word is often used to refer to a group that is organized around common values and is attributed with social cohesion within a shared geographical location.

The word "community" is derived from the Old French communité which is derived from the Latin communitas (cum, "with/together" + munus, "gift"), a broad term for fellowship or organized society.


Block, Peter (2008) Community, The Structure of Belonging San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Pulishers, Inc

Kraybill, Donald (1989) The Riddle of Amish Culture, Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press

Kretzmann, John P and John L McKnight (1993) Building Communities from the Inside Out, Evanston, Il: Centre for Urban Affairs and Policy Research

McKnight, John (1995) The Careless Society, Community and Its Counterfeits, New York: Harper Collins Publishers

John McKnight and Peter Block (2010) The Abundant Community, Awakening the Power of Families and Neighborhoods, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Pulishers, Inc